Download eBook The Mythical Creatures Bible: The Definitive Guide To Legendary Beings By Brenda Rosen [EBOOK EPUB site. PDF]. ma, 25 mrt GMT the mythical creatures bible pdf - A variety of mythical animals appear in the art and stories of the. Classical era. For example. ONMVSJLXHLQG > eBook» The Mythical Creatures Bible: The Definitive Guide to I am just effortlessly can get a enjoyment of reading a composed pdf.

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The Mythical Creatures Bible: The definitive guide to beasts and beings from mythology and folklore You are going to like just how the author publish this pdf. The Mythical Creatures Bible The Definitive Guide To - [PDF] mononoke - Thu, 21 Mar GMT (PDF) What did Jesus really | Abubakar. the mythical creatures bible: the definitive guide to beasts and beings from mythology and folklore (pdf) by brenda rosen (ebook) the mythical.

They symbolise the shining of sunrise and sunset, appearing in the sky before the dawn in a golden chariot, bringing treasures to men and averting misfortune and sickness. They are the doctors of gods and are devas of Ayurvedic medicine.

They are represented as humans with head of a horse. In the epic Mahabharata, King Pandu's wife Madri is granted a son by each Ashvin and bears the twins Nakula and Sahadeva who, along with the sons of Kunti, are known as the Pandavas.

The Ashvins are mentioned times in the Rigveda, with 57 hymns specifically dedicated to them. Apasara Apsara is a female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu and Buddhist mythology. Apsaras are beautiful, supernatural female beings. They are known to be youthful and elegant, and superb in the art of dancing. They are often the wives of the Gandharvas, the court musicians of Indra. They dance to the music made by the Gandharvas, usually in the palaces of the gods, entertain and sometimes seduce gods and men.

As ethereal beings who inhabit the skies, and are often depicted taking flight, or at service of a god, they may be compared to angels. Apsaras are said to be able to change their shape at will, and rule over the fortunes of gaming and gambling.

Urvasi, Menaka, Rambha and Tilottama are the most famous among them. The Rigveda tells of an Apsara who is the wife of Gandharva; however, the Rigveda also seems to allow for the existence of more than one Apsara. The only Apsara specifically named is Urvashi. An entire hymn deals with the colloquy between Urvashi and her mortal lover Pururavas. Later Hindu scriptures allow for the existence of numerous Apsaras, who act as the handmaidens of Indra or as dancers at his celestial court.

In many of the stories related in the Mahabharata, Apsaras appear in important supporting roles. The epic contains several lists of the principal Apsaras.

Bagala A crane-headed god in Hindu legend, Bagala controls black magic, poisons and disguised forms of death. She causes people to worry of their death and the death of loved ones. She holds torture instruments in her left hand and the tongues of her enemies in her right. She is also depicted as holding a mace and wearing yellow.

Daityas were the children of Diti and the sage Kashyapa. They were a race of giants who fought against the Devas because they were jealous of their Deva half-brothers. The female Daityas are described as wearing jewelry the size of boulders.

Danavas are Hindu Demons of gigantic proportions. They had some viscous leaders which included the infamous Bali. Like the Daityas, they made war on the gods but were eventually banished to the bottom of the ocean by Indra. In Hinduism, the Asuras are non-suras, a different group of power-seeking deities besides the suras, sometimes considered naturalists, or nature- beings, in constant battle with the devas.

A Rakshasa is said to be a mythological humanoid being or unrighteous spirit in Hinduism. Rakshasas are also called man-eaters Nri-chakshas, Kravyads.

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Often Asura and Rakshasa are interchangeably used. Shukra was known to be their Guru. Some famous names in this category would be Vibihishana, Kumbhakarna, Ravana the key asura anagonist in the epic from the Ramayana; Ghatotkacha and Hidimba from the Mahabharata. In early Vedic texts, both the asura and the Suras were deities who constantly competed with each other, some bearing both designations at the same time.

In late-Vedic and post-Vedic literature the Vedic asuras became lesser beings. According to the Vishnu Purana, during the churning of the ocean the daityas came to be known as asuras because they rejected Varuni, the goddess of sura or wine; while the devas accepted her and came to be known as suras.

In order to explain the demonization of asuras, mythology was created to show that though the asuras were originally just, good, virtuous, their nature had gradually changed. The asuras anti-gods were depicted to have become proud, vain, to have stopped performing sacrifices, to violate sacred laws, not visit holy places, not cleanse themselves from sin, to be envious of devas, torturous of living beings, creating confusion in everything and to challenge the devas.

David Frawley, an American-Hindu teacher, asserts that many ancient European peoples, particularly the Celts and Germans, regarded themselves as children of Danu, with Danu meaning the Mother Goddess, who was also, like Sarasvati in the Rig Veda, a river Goddess.

The Danube which flows to the Black Sea is their most important river and could reflect their eastern origins.

They graze near the coast during certain days of the year. People leave their horses near this area and remove themselves hoping that the Farasi Bahari will mate with their steeds. No one can come near them because they flee at the scent of man. If any horses are successfully mated, they will produce green horses that gallop fast with eternal endurance due to their lack of lungs.

They have been compared to Hippocamp, the horse of Poseidon, a Greek deity. It has typically been depicted as a horse in its forepart with a coiling, scaly, fish-like hindquarter. This mythical bird formed the royal emblem of the Wodeyaar Kings of the princely state of Mysore, in Karnataka.

Shown with two heads and beaks, connected to one body the Gandaberunda is believed to possess unimaginable strength. Several depictions have been found in Indian texts and historic art portraying the bird as carrying an elephant in each of its talons and beaks out of Narasimha Vishnu emerged an even more fearful form: Gandaberunda, having two heads, fearful rows of teeth, black in complexion and with wide blazing wings.

Gandharva In Hinduism, the gandharvas are male nature spirits, husbands of the Apsaras. Some are part animal, usually a bird or horse. They have superb musical skills. They guarded the Soma and made beautiful music for the gods in their palaces. Gandharvas are frequently depicted as a singer in the court of Gods.

Gandharvas are mentioned extensively in the epic Mahabharata as associated with the devas as dancers and singers and with the yakshas, as formidable warriors. They are mentioned as spread across various territories. In Hindu theology, gandharvas act as messengers between the gods and humans.

In Hindu law, a Gandharva marriage is one contracted by mutual consent and without formal rituals. Ganesh Ganesh, Ganesa, also known as Ganapati and Vinayaka is a widely worshipped deity in the Hindu pantheon.

The Ultimate Encyclopedia Of Mythical Creatures Pdf

His image is found throughout India and Nepal. Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains, Buddhists, and beyond India. Although he is known by many attributes, Ganesha's elephant head makes him easy to identify. Ganesha is widely revered as the remover of obstacles, the patron of arts and sciences and the deva of intellect and wisdom. As the god of beginnings, he is honoured at the start of rituals and ceremonies.

Ganesha is also invoked as patron of letters and learning during writing sessions. Several texts relate mythological anecdotes associated with his birth and exploits and explain his distinct iconography. Garuda The Garuda is a large mythical bird or bird-like creature that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology.

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Garuda is depicted as having the golden body of a strong man with a white face, red wings, and an eagle's beak and with a crown on his head.

This ancient deity was said to be massive, large enough to block out the sun. The story of Garuda's birth and deeds is told in the first book of the great epic Mahabharata.

According to the epic, when Garuda first burst forth from his egg, he appeared as a raging inferno equal to the cosmic conflagration that consumes the world at the end of every age. Frightened, the gods begged him for mercy.

Garuda, hearing their plea, reduced himself in size and energy. Kamadhenu Kamadhenu, also known as Surabhi, is a divine bovine-goddess described in Hindu mythology as the mother of all cows. She is a miraculous "cow of plenty" who provides her owner whatever he desires and is often portrayed as the mother of other cattle.

In iconography, she is generally depicted as a white cow containing various deities within her body. All cows are venerated in Hinduism as the earthly embodiment of the Kamadhenu. Hindu scriptures provide diverse accounts of the birth of Kamadhenu.

While some narrate that she emerged from the churning of the cosmic ocean, others describe her as the daughter of the creator god Daksha, and as the wife of the sage Kashyapa. Other scriptures narrate that Kamadhenu was in the possession of either Jamadagni or Vashista both ancient sages , and that kings who tried to steal her from the sage ultimately faced dire consequences for their actions. Kimpurusha Kimpurushas were described to be lion-headed beings.

The lion head may be an exaggeration of their heavily bearded head. In some Their lion- headed reference in the sources and them staying in the mountains suggest that they could be Kirata.

Kirat-or Kirati- means people with lion nature.

In the Mahabharata, they were mentioned as related to other exotic tribes like the Rakshasas, Vanaras, Kinnaras half-men, half-horses and Yakshas. Sage Pulaha was linked with the Kimpurushas.

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Arjuna, during his conquest of northern kingdoms also visited the Kimpurusha Kingdom. Arjuna, Crossing the White mountains, subjugated the country of the Kimpurushas ruled by Durmaputra, after a collision involving a great slaughter of Kshatriyas, and brought the region under his complete sway. Kinnaras Kinnaras are heavenly creatures half-bird half- human.

In South-East they are depicted as half- bird half human. They are good at playing musical instruments, like the Vina or lute. Kinnara woman called Kinnaris are beautiful woman from head to waist.

They are good at poetry, playing musical instruments, and dancing. Their character is clarified in the Adi parva of the Mahabharata. Puranas mention them as horse-headed beings.

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Puranas mention about an Asura Hayagreeva who was horse-headed. The epic Mahabharata mentions Kinnaras, not as horse-headed beings but as beings who were half- man and half-horse i. Mahabharata and the Puranas describe regions north to Himalayas as the abode of Kinnaras. Another reference in the epic considers them as a sub-group of Gandharva. Matsya Matsya is the avatar of Vishnu in the form of a fish. Often listed as the first avatar in the lists of the ten primary avatars of Vishnu, Matsya is described to have rescued the first man, Manu, from a great deluge.

Matsya may be depicted as a giant fish, or anthropomorphically with a human torso connected to the rear half of a fish. Matsya forewarns Manu about an impending catastrophic flood and orders him to collect all the grains and all living creatures of the world in a boat.

Makara Makara is a sea-creature in Hindu mythology. It is generally depicted as half terrestrial animal in the frontal part in animal forms of elephant or crocodile or stag, or deer and in hind part as aquatic animal, in the tail part, as a fish tail or also as seal. Sometimes, even a peacock tail is depicted. Makara is the vahana vehicle of the Ganga - the goddess of river Ganges Ganga and the sea god Varuna. It is also the insignia of the love god Kamadeva.

Kamadeva is also known as Makaradhvaja one whose flag a makara is depicted. Makara is the astrological sign of Capricorn, one of the twelve symbols of the Zodiac. It is often portrayed protecting entryways to Hindu and Buddhist temples.

Makara is also the emblem of Kamadeva, the vedic god of love and desire. Navagunjara In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Navagunjara is a creature composed of nine different animals. The animal is a common motif in the Pata-Chitra style of painting, of the Indian state of Odisha. The beast is considered a form of Vishnu as a variant of the virat-rupa Omnipresent or vast form of Krishna.

The version of the Mahabharata, written by Oriya poet Sarala Dasa, narrates the legend of Navagunjara. Once, when Arjuna was doing penance on a hill, Krishna emerges as Navagunjara. Navagunjara has the head of a rooster, and stands on three feet, those of an elephant, tiger and deer or horse, the fourth limb is a raised human arm carrying a lotus or a wheel.

The beast has the neck of a peacock, the back or hump of a bull, the waist of a lion, and the tail is a serpent. Initially, Arjuna was terrified as well as mesmerized by the strange creature and raises his bow to shoot it. Finally, Arjuna realizes that Navagunjara is a manifestation of Vishnu and drops his weapons, bowing before Navagunjara.

In the great epic Mahabharata, the depiction of nagas tends toward the positive -"persecutors of all creatures Book I: Adi Parva, Section At some points within the story, nagas are important players in many of the events narrated in the epic, frequently no more evil nor deceitful than the other protagonists, and sometimes on the side of good.

They are children of Kashyapa and Kadru. One of the three kings of Nagas, Vasuki managed to tie a rope around Mount Mandara at the churning of the ocean and thus many beings arose in the world. Krishna refers himself to being Vasuki in terms of being a serpent or a being of love. Vasuki in Buddhism is stated to have attended the Buddha in his teachings.

Vasuki also refers to a race of Nagas, snake-like beings who claim to be the children of a great serpent who was killed in a great forest fire that was created by Lord Krishna and Arjuna. Narsimha Narasimha, Narasingh, Narsingh and Narasingha - in derviative languages is an avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu and one of Hinduism's most popular deities, as evidenced in early epics, iconography, and temple and festival worship for over a millennium. There are references to Narasimha in a variety of Puranas, with seventeen different versions of the main narrative.

There is also a short reference in the Mahabharat 3. The Rig Veda contains an epithet that has been attributed to Narasimha. The avatar is described as "like some wild beast, dread, prowling, mountain-roaming" RV.

I There is a reference in a Namuci story in RV. VIII Nandi Nandi is the name for the bull which serves as the mount of the god Shiva and as the gate keeper of Shiva and Parvati. Temples venerating Shiva display stone images of a seated Nandi, generally facing the main shrine. There are also a number of temples dedicated solely to Nandi.

Some Puranas describe Nandi or Nandikeshvara as bull faced with a human body that resembles that of Shiva - in proportion and aspect, although with four hands, two hands holding the Parasu the axe and Mruga the antelope and the other two hands joined together in the Anjali obeisance. Brahma Vaivarta Purana mentions Krishna himself to have taken the form of a bull as no one else in the Universe can bear Shiva. Pishacha Pishachas are flesh eating demons according to Hindu mythology. Their origin is obscure, although some believe that they were created by Brahma.

They have been described to have a dark complexion with bulging veins and protruding, red eyes. They are believed to have their own language, which is called Paisaci. They like darkness and traditionally are depicted as haunting cremation grounds along with other demons like Bhut and Vetalas.

Pishachas have the power to assume different forms at will, and may also become invisible. They feed on human energies. Sometimes, they possess human beings and alter their thoughts, and the victims are afflicted with a variety of maladies and abnormalities like insanity. Certain mantras are supposed to cure such afflicted persons, and drive away the Pishacha. In order to keep the Pishacha away, they are given their share of offerings during certain religious functions and festivals.

He is depicted in art as a serpent with no body riding a chariot drawn by eight black horses. Rahu is one of the navagrahas nine planets in Vedic astrology.

The Rahu kala time of day under the influence of Rahu is considered inauspicious. Ketu is the descending lunar node. Sharabha Sharabha is a creature in Hindu mythology that is part lion and part bird.

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An annual anal Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide.Kinnaras Kinnaras are heavenly creatures half-bird half- human. The creatures have been described with the myths supporting them and the scripture that cites its narrative.

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Show related SlideShares at end. These included decorative forms as in medieval jewellery, sometimes with their limbs intricately interlaced. Some literature and games ascribe to dwarves the ability to see in the dark and other adaptations for living underground.